In Cameroon, ICT4Gov’s BudgetVoice or participatory budgeting operations occur in three different stages of public expenditure management: First, budget formulation and analysis. Citizens participate in allocating budgets according to priorities they have identified in participatory poverty diagnostics. They formulate alternate budgets or assess proposed allocations in relation to a government’s policy commitments and stated concerns and objectives. Second, expenditure monitoring and tracking. Citizens track whether public spending is consistent with allocations made in the budget and track the flow of funds to the agencies responsible for the delivery of goods and services. Third, monitoring of public service delivery. Citizens monitor the quality of goods and services provided by government in relation to expenditures made for these goods and services, a process similar to citizen report cards or scorecards.